What does it mean to be Carbon Zero and why is it important?
When living creatures and plant die, they go back into the ground. After millions of years, pressure and heat convert these into coal, petroleum and natural gas.
When the industrial revolution came along, mankind began to extract these buried resources and use them as fuel. This release Carbon Dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere, creating an excess.
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere has risen by 40% since 1750. As the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere rises it can trigger changes in climate conditions.
The Greenhouse Effect
The main threat from an increase in CO2 is the greenhouse effect. With an excess of CO2 in the atmosphere, this acts like a thermal blanket and effectively warming up the earths temperature. This leads to huge climatic changes which are potentially disastrous to the Earth and its life-forms.
The Sixth Extinction
The world is full of biodiversity, but this has reduced dramatically in the last half century. More than 25,000 species, almost a third of all those known, are in danger of disappearing and climate change alone will be responsible for 8% of this. For example, in the last 60 years, the population of the Mediterranean Monk Seal has dropped by 60%.
It is estimated that one-third of corals, freshwater molluscs, sharks, and rays, one-fourth of all mammals, one-fifth of all reptiles, and one-sixth of all birds are heading towards extinction"
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